Medical Science GK Mock Test – 5

21 questions on “Medical Science GK Mock Test” objective questions series.

This article is important for anyone who is preparing for civil services, Bank PO exam or other government exams as such questions have been asked in all these exams in general studies or general knowledge section.

Other similar articles: Test – 1 | Test – 2 | Test – 3 | Test – 4 | Test – 5 | 88 One Liners.

Questions Section

Que (101): Which gland is responsible for the secretion of insulin?
A. Lungs
B. Intestine
C. Pancreas
D. Stomach

Answer: Pancreas
Further Information:
Pancreas is located at: Inside abdomen just behind stomach,
Function of insulin: Breaking down sugar, fat and starches.

Que (102): Which hormone is responsible for the secretion of milk in mothers?
A. Estrogen
B. Progesterone
C. Prolactin
D. Cortisol

Answer: Lactogenic hormone
Further Information: na

Que (103): A vein is a vessel that carries blood towards?
A. Towards the heart
B. Towards the spine
C. Towards the brain
D. Into other organs

Answer: Towards the heart
Further Information: na

Que (104): Through which are the characters are transferred from parents to progeny?
C. Red blood cells
D. White blood cells

Answer: DNA
Further Information: na

Que (105): Which branch of biology deal with the study of heredity?
A. Genetics
B. Blood
C. Neuroscience
D. Psychology

Answer: Genetics
Further Information:
– Genetics is the study of how certain characteristics are transferred from parents to offspring using DNA.

Que (106): Which disease is inheritable?
A. Cancer
B. Diabetes
C. Colour blindness
D. Skin allergies

Answer: Colour blindness
Further Information:
– It can be inherited or someone can become color blind later in life as well if some disease or injury affects their eye or brain.
Source: Causes of Color Blindness | National Eye Institute

Que (107): Thyroid gland is activated by which hormone for the secretion of thyroxin?

Answer: TSH i.e. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Function of TSH: TSH tells your thyroid how much thyroid hormone it needs to make.

Que (108): Which salt is found in bone in largest amount?
A. Calcium
B. Phosphorus
C. Calcium Phosphate
D. none of these

Answer: Calcium Phosphate
Further Information:
– Importance of calcium phosphate in bone: Healthy bone development,

Que (109): Human protein x –1– antitrysin is used for which disease?
A. Cytochrome
B. Cystic Fibrosis
C. Coronin
D. Emphysema

Answer: Emphysema
Further Information:
– What happens in emphysema? – It’s a lung condition that causes shortness of breath.

Que (110): Which insect spreads Kala-azar?
A. Grass Hopper
B. Beetle
C. Bugs
D. Sand Fly

Answer: Sand fly

Que (111): What is responsible for blue baby syndrome?
A. Nitrate
B. Sulphate
C. Sodium
D. Hydrate

Answer: Nitrate
Further Information:
– Water contaminated with nitrates is the cause of blue body syndrome,
– Blue baby syndrome is also called as infant methemoglobinemia,
– Why blue baby syndrome happens? – Decreased amount of haemoglobin in baby’s blood.

Que (112): Which among the following land mark is first to take place in medical history?
A. Plastic surgery
B. Stomach operation
C. Kidney transfer
D. Cancer treatment

Answer: Plastic surgery

Que (113): Which metal causes Itai-itai disease?
A. Cadmium
B. Iron
C. Steel
D. Ferrous

Answer: Cadmium
Further information:
– Severe pain happens in spine and joints,
– Cadmium also causes softening of bones and kidney failure.

Que (114): What is the Biological death of a patient?
A. Death of tissues of the brain
B. Death of tissues of the heart
C. Death of tissues of the liver
D. Death of tissues of the uterus

Answer: Death of tissues of the brain

Que (115): Inside the body, why does blood not coagulate?
A. Due to the presence of heparin
B. Because of constant flow
C. Because of red blood cells
D. Because of white blood cells

Answer: Due to the presence of heparin
Further Information:
– Uses of Heparin: It is also used during surgery like in open heart surgery, bypass surgery etc. to avoid blood clotting.

Que (116): Acetyl salicylic acid is commonly used as which medicine?
A. A pain killer
B. Nerve numbing agent
C. Curing medicine
D. Preventive medicine

Answer: A pain killer
Further Information:
– It is also used to reduce fever,
Acetyl salicylic acid is also known as aspirin.

Que (117): Production of which is a function of the liver?
A. Urea
B. Lipase
C. Insulin
D. none of these

Answer: Urea
Further Information:
– Liver produces several enzymes that aids in conversion of ammonia to urea which is removed via urine later on.

Que (118): Where is Human body’s main organ of balance located?
A. Inner part of the ear
B. Outer part of the ear
C. In the middle of the brain
D. At the back of the brain

Answer: Inner part of ear

Que (119): What is necessary for digestion of food ?
A. Enzyme
B. Blood flow
C. Intestine movement
D. Saliva

Answer: Enzyme
– Some important enzymes for digestion are: amylase, lipase, protease etc.

Que (120): Dialysis is used for people with defective kidneys. What does it involves?
A. The process of osmosis
B. The process of continuous flow of fresh blood
C. The process of removal of one kidney
D. none of these

Answer: The process of osmosis
Further Information:
– What happens in osmosis? – Solvent passes through a semi-permeable membrane from a region of lower solute concentration to higher concentration side.

Que (121): In human beings, What is the opening of the stomach into the small Intestine called?

Answer: Pylorus
Function of pylorus:
– Allowing passage of partly digested food to pass from stomach to small intestine,
– What is Pylorus: A valve that opens and closes during digestion cycle.
Source: Definition of pylorus – NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms


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