Medical Science GK Mock Test – 1

25 questions on “Medical Science GK Mock Test” objective questions series.

This article is important for anyone who is preparing for civil services, Bank PO exam or other government exams as such questions have been asked in all these exams in general studies or general knowledge section.

We will be publishing further articles as well in this series later on, this is just the first one of this “Medical Science GK Mock Test” series.

Other similar articles: Test – 1 | Test – 2 | Test – 3 | Test – 4 | Test – 5 | 88 One Liners.

Questions Section

Que (1): Which vitamin is considered to be a hormone?
A. Vitamin A
B. Vitamin B
C. Vitamin C
D. Vitamin D

Answer: Vitamin D


  • Purpose:
    • Controlling blood calcium concentration,
    • Body immunity.
  • How is it produced? – When sunlight hits the skin it leads to cholecalciferol generation which later gets converted to calcidiol by liver.

Que (2): Due to bite of mad dog the disease hydrophobia is caused by which virus?
A. Heatworm
B. Rabies
C. Canine
D. Kennel Cough

Answer: Rabies Virus

Further description:

  • Symptoms: Fever, headache, excess salivation, muscle spasms etc.
  • Transmitted through: Animal bite like dogs.

Que (3): Alpha-keratin is a protein present in which thing?
A. cotton
B. wool
C. silk
D. Nylon

Answer: Wool

Further information:

  • Properties: strong, insoluble, chemically alert,
  • Examples: Hair, nails, wool, horn etc.

Que (4): In which animal is ‘Foot and Mouth Disease’ found?
A. Cattle
B. Herd
C. Forest
D. Mud

Answer: Cattle

Further Information:

  • FMD is highly contagious viral disease of livestock,
  • Affects: Cattle, swine, sheet, goats etc.
  • Caused by: Organism aphthovirus of the family Picornaviridae.

Que (5): Foot-and-Mouth disease in animals, a current epidemic in some parts of the world, By which is this caused?
A. Coxsackievirus
B. Bacterium
C. Virus
D. Protozoa

Answer: Coxsackievirus

Que (6): ORT (Oral Rehydration Therapy) is associated with the treatment of which disease?
A. Cholera
B. Typhoid
C. Malaria
D. Diarrhoea

Answer: Diarrhoea

Further Information:

  • What is ORT? – Fluid replacement for body,
  • For: To prevent and treat dehydration due to diarrhoea,
  • Contains: Sugar and salts i.e. sodium, potassium etc.

Que (7): To suspect HIV/AIDS in a young individual, which symptom is mostly associated with?
A. Stomach ache
B. Cholestrol levels
C. Hernia
D. Chronic diarrhoea

Answer: Chronic diarrhoea

Further Information:

  • Symptoms within few weeks of HIV infection: Fever, sore throat and fatigue.

Que (8): By whom was Insulin discovered?
A. Frances Arnold
B. Marie Curie
C. Goerge Smith
D. Dr.F. G. Banting

Answer: Dr. F. G. Banting

Further Information:

  • Discovered in: 1921,
  • Discovered by: Sir Frederick G Banting, Charles H Best and JJR Macleod,
  • Discovered at: University of Toronto,
  • Banting also received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1923.

Que (9): By using which technique is DNA fingerprint done?
B. Molecular cloning
C. DNA Analysis
D. Southern Blotting

Answer: PCR i.e. Polymerase Chain Reaction

Que (10): A person who lives exclusively on milk, egg and bread is likely to become a victim of which disease?
A. Lactation
B. Breast feeding issues
C. Weight warrants
D. Scurvy

Answer: Scurvy

Further Information:

  • Scurvy happens due to deficiency of: Vitamin C (ascorbic acid),
  • Symptoms:
    • Early signs: Weakness, tiredness etc.
    • Later on: Decreased RBCs, gum disease, bleeding from skin etc.

Que (11): Which communicable disease is caused by bacteria?
A. Malaria
C. Leprosy
D. Elephant foot

Answer: Leprosy

Further Information:

  • If left untreated it leads to nerve damage followed by crippling of legs and feet, paralysis and blindness.

Que (12): What does protein deficiency in children usually between the age of 1 to 3 year cause?
A. Bronchiolitis
B. Pinkeye
C. Croup
D. Kwashiorkor

Answer: Kwashiorkor

Further Information:

  • Cause: Severe protein malnutrition,
  • What happens in body: Enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates,
  • Cased by: Sufficient calories intake but insufficient protein consumption.

Que (13): Which disease is caused by bacteria and spread though faecal matter by houseflies?
A. Cholera
B. Conjunctivitis
C. Tuberculosis
D. Typhoid

Answer: Typhoid

Further Information:

  • Flies are a major source of contamination and pathogen transfer from one place to another. With them they transfer parasites, bacteria etc. from one place to another.

Que (14): Which disease is caused by the bite of a mad dog?
A. Zoophobia
B. Arachnophobia
C. Claustrophobia
D. Aerophobia

Answer: Hydrophobia

Further Information:

  • Caused by rabies virus,
  • Spreads because of bite by an infected animal or scratches.

Que (15): Which disease is characterised by inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord?
A. Rabies
B. Typhoid
C. Malaria
D. Meningitis

Answer: Meningitis

Further Information:

  • Impacts: Central nervous system because of certain types of bacteria.

Que (16): What is Amnesia?
A. Related to lack of sleep
B. Related to lethargy
C. Related to blood pressure
D. Related to loss of memory

Answer: Related to loss of memory

Further Information:

  • Signs: Memory loss because of brain damage or diseases,
  • Also caused by: sedatives and hypnotic drugs,
  • Memory lost can be: Whole or partial depending on extent of damage to brain.

Que (17): What is the normal cholesterol level in human blood?
A. 180-100 mg%
B. 180-300 mg%
C. 180-200 mg%
D. 180-500 mg%

Answer: 180-200 mg%

Further Information:

  • <200 mg/dl: Desirable for adults,
  • 200-239 mg/dl: Borderline high,
  • >=240 mg/dl: Considered high.

Where, mg/dl is milligrams per deciliter.

Que (18): Which gland is both exocrine and endocrine gland?
A. Spleen
B. Intestines
C. Heart
D. Pancreas

Answer: Pancreas

Further Information:

  • Exocrine function: Producing enzymes that help in digestion,
  • Endocrine function: Sends hormones that controls amount of sugar in bloodstream.

Que (19): Which blood vessel bringing blood into Bowman’s capsule?
A. Vena cava
B. Aorta
C. Afferent arteriole
D. None of the above

Answer: Afferent arteriole

Further Information:
The blood enters the Bowman’s capsule into the glomerulus through the afferent arterioles of the renal circulation. This is the vessel that brings blood into the Bowman’s capsule.

Que (20): Which causes the disease syphilis?
A. Fungus
B. Bacteria
C. Virus
D. Germs

Answer: Bacteria

Further Information:

  • Is a sexually transmitted disease,
  • Caused by: Treponema Pallidum a bacteria.

Que (21): For which is the southern blot technique used for the detection?
C. Heart rate

Answer: DNA

Further Information:

  • Used in molecular biology for detection of specific DNA sequence in DNA samples.

Que (22): Which worm reach into intestine of human by eating leaf?
A. Earthworm
B. Tapeworm
C. Malpighian tubules
D. Gut microbiota

Answer: Tape worm

Further Information:

  • Tapeworm lives in the intestines of several animals.
  • Symptoms of tapeworms in humans: nausea, weakness, fatigue etc.

Que (23): Alzheimer’s disease in human beings is characterised by which degeneration?
A. Strep throat
B. Bacteria
C. Fungi
D. Degeneration of nerve cells

Answer: Degeneration of nerve cells

Further Information:

  • Whats happens: Loss of neurons and synapses,
  • Where: Cerebral cortex and certain subcortical regions.

Que (24): Why is the yellow colour of urine?
A. Urochrome
B. Alcohol
C. Aldehyde
D. Carbonates

Answer: Due to the presence of urochrome

  • Normal colour: Pale-yellow to deep amber,
  • Yellow colour is primarily because of: Urochrome,
  • Colour is determined by how much water is there in your urine.

Que (25): Which three important micronutrients are essential for humans?
A. Copper
B. Zinc
C. Iodine
D. All of these

Answer: Copper, zinc and iodine

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Q1. rhizome meaning in hindi.

Ans: राइज़ोम एक प्रकार का भूमिगत पौधे का तना है जो क्षैतिज रूप से बढ़ता है, अपनी गांठों से जड़ें और अंकुर निकालता है। यह एक संशोधित तना है जो पौधे के लिए ऊर्जा और पोषक तत्वों को संग्रहीत करता है। राइज़ोम आम तौर पर बारहमासी पौधों में पाए जाते हैं और विभिन्न कार्य करते हैं, जैसे कि वनस्पति प्रसार, खाद्य भंडार का भंडारण, और पर्यावरणीय तनावों के प्रति लचीलापन प्रदान करना।

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